Apple (Malus Domestica) is a domesticated fruit tree and the most widespread species in the genus Malus (family Rosaceae), cultivated worldwide. Currently, more than 60 million metric tons of apples are produced worldwide, mostly by China. This sweet, high demanded fruit is a good source of antioxidants, vitamins A and C, carbohydrates, dietary fiber and a range of other nutrients. There are thousands of apple varieties, which can be divided into three main classes: cider varieties, cooking varieties and dessert varieties.
These varieties differ widely, especially in their color, size, aroma and smoothness. Many of them are relatively high in sugar, only slightly acidic and low in tannin.The apple fruit is classified as a pome (fleshy) fruit, in which the ripened ovary and the surrounding tissue become fleshy and edible. The fruit's size is usually roundish (around 5-10 cm in diameter) when harvested and varies in color from the red shade, green or yellow.
The apple's size, shape and acidity may change according to the variety. The apple flower of most varieties requires cross-pollination for fertilization. Since the apple requires a considerable dormancy period, it thrives in areas that have a distinct winter period, generally from latitude 30° to 60°, both north and south. Northward, apple growing is limited by low winter temperatures and a short growing season.
Farmers Pain Points
Soil: Obtaining adequate soil drainage.
Climate: Enough cold units, avoiding frost during spring time, hail during flowering, very high temperatures during summer and heat waves during winter time. High temperature and direct sun may cause sunburn..
Rootstocks: Choosing the most suitable rootstocks
Tree supporting system: Trees structure must be designed correctly from planting. If climate dictates using nets (to prevent hail or sunburn), construction must be wisely planned beforehand.
Cross-Pollination: In order to achieve good pollination rates, more than one variety will be needed in one plot (the varieties should be compliable with one another).
Pests and diseases: All parts of the apple trees may suffer from pest damage. Good pest control is essential for achieving high yields.
Water stress: Water stress might cause irreversible damage to fruits development.
Characterizing the requirements for growing apple in your region.
Identifying the best varieties for growing conditions and growers’ needs.
Plot design – planting density and irrigation system.
Fertilizing program to achieve maximum yield potential.
Pesticiding protocol and guidelines.
Post-harvest guidance and solutions.
Ongoing technical support to ensure best results and customers’ satisfaction